Resources/Profile – Nepal
Country Profile – Nepal
Land area:
52,819 sq mi (136,801 sq km)
Total area:
54,363 sq mi (140,800 sq km)
Geography:
Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location:
Latitude: 26°22′ to 30°27′ North Longitude: 80°4′ to 88°12′ East
nepal-flag-and-map
Population (2006 est.) Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Other large cities Monetary unit
28,287,147 (Growth Rate: 2.2%)
Birth Rate: 31.0/1000
Infant Mortality Rate: 65.3/1000
Life Expectancy: 60.2
Density Per sq mi: 536
Kathmandu, 1,203,100 (metro. area), 729,000 (city proper) Biratnagar, 174,600; Lalitpur, 169,100 Nepalese Rupee
Languages(2001) Ethnicity/Race (2001) Religions (2001) Literacy Rate
Nepali 48% (official) Brahmin 12.5% Kami 3.9% Hindu 81% 48.6% (15 years and above, 2004 est.)
Maithili 12% Chetri 15.5% Yadav 3.9% Buddhist 11%
Bhojpuri 7% Magar 7% Other 32.7% Islam 4%
Tharu 6% Tharu 6.6% Unspecified 2.8% Kirant 4%
Tamang 5% Tamang 5.5%    
Others   Newar 5.4%
English spoken by many in government and business Muslim 4.2%
Political System Multiparty democracy
GDP/PPP (2005 est.) $42.26 billion; per capita $1,500
Real growth rate 2.5%
Inflation 7.8% (Oct. 2005 est.).
Unemployment 42% (2004 est.).
Arable land 6%.
Agriculture Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, buffalo meat.
Labor force 10.4 million; note: severe lack of skilled labor (2004 est.); agriculture 76%, industry 6%, services 18%.
Industries Tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production.
Natural resources Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore.
Exports $822 million f.o.b. (2005 est.), but does not include unrecorded border trade with India: carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain.
Imports $2 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): gold, machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer.
Major trading partners India, U.S., Germany, China, UAE, Saudi Arabia